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Title: Fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a 7.5 L ultrasound-enhanced fermenter: Effect of sonication conditions on ethanol production, intracellular Ca2+ concentration and key regulating enzyme activity in glycolysis
Authors: He, R.
Ren, W.
Xiang, J.
Dabbour, M.
Mintah, B. K.
Li, Y.
Ma, H.
Keywords: Ultrasonic treatment;S. cerevisiae;Ethanol fermentation;7.5 L ultrasonic enhanced fermenter;Enzyme activity
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 76, 105624
Abstract: In this study, the effect of sonication on the fermentation process of a single-celled fungus was examined. During the experiment, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) was used as the starting strain for ethanol fermentation (batch fermentation) in a 7.5 L automated fermentation tank. The fermentation tank connected with a six-frequency ultrasonic equipment. Non-sonication treatment was set up as the control. Sonication treatment with power density of 280 W/L and 48 h of treatment time were set up as trial groups for investigating the influence of different ultrasound frequency including 20, 23, 25, 28, 33 and 40 kHz on the changes in dry cell-weight, glucose consumption rate, and ethanol yield. The results showed that the dry cell-weight, glucose consumption rate, and ethanol content reached the best results under the ultrasonic condition of 28 kHz ultrasound frequency in comparison with other ultrasound frequency. The dry cell-weight and ethanol content of the 28 kHz ultrasonic treatment group increased by 17.30% and 30.79%, respectively in comparison with the control group The residual sugar content dropped to a lower level within 24 h, which was consistent with the change in ethanol production. Besides, the results found that the glucose consumption rate increased compared to the control. It indicated that ultrasound accelerated glucose consumption contributed to increase the rate of ethanol output. In order to explore the mechanism of sonication enhanced the content of ethanol output by S. cerevisiae, the morphology, permeability of S. cerevisiae and key enzyme activities of ethanol synthesis were investigated before and after sonication treatment. The results showed that after sonication treatment, the extracellular nucleic acid protein content and intracellular Ca2+ concentration increased significantly. The morphology of S. cerevisiae was observed by SEM and found that the surface of the strain had wrinkles and depressions after ultrasonic treatment. furthermore after sonication treatment, the activities of three key enzymes which catalyze three irreversible reactions in glycolysis metabolism, namely, hexokinase, phosphofructokinase and pyruvate kinase increased by 59.02%, 109.05% and 87.27%, respectively. In a word, low-intensity ultrasound enhance the rate of ethanol output by S. cerevisiae might due to enhancing the growth and cell permeability of strains, and increasing the activities of three key enzymes of ethanol biosynthesis
ISSN: 1350-4177
Journal Name: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Appears in Collections:Food Research Institute

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